Electron spin resonance as a high sensitivity technique for environmental magnetism: determination of contamination in carbonate sediments

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2173/85057
Title:
Electron spin resonance as a high sensitivity technique for environmental magnetism: determination of contamination in carbonate sediments
Authors:
Crook, Nigel P.; Hoon, Steve R.; Taylor, Kevin G.; Perry, Christopher T.
Citation:
Geophysical journal international, 2002, vol. 149, no. 2, pp. 328-337
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Publication Date:
2002
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/2173/85057
DOI:
10.1046/j.1365-246X.2002.01647.x
Additional Links:
http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=0956-540X
Abstract:
This study investigates the application of high sensitivity electron spin resonance (ESR) to environmental magnetism in conjunction with the more conventional techniques of magnetic susceptibility, vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM) and chemical compositional analysis. Using these techniques we have studied carbonate sediment samples from Discovery Bay, Jamaica, which has been impacted to varying degrees by a bauxite loading facility. The carbonate sediment samples contain magnetic minerals ranging from moderate to low concentrations. The ESR spectra for all sites essentially contain three components. First, a six-line spectra centred around g= 2 resulting from Mn2+ ions within a carbonate matrix; second a g= 4.3 signal from isolated Fe3+ ions incorporated as impurities within minerals such as gibbsite, kaolinite or quartz; third a ferrimagnetic resonance with a maxima at 230 mT resulting from the ferrimagnetic minerals present within the bauxite contamination. Depending upon the location of the sites within the embayment these signals vary in their relative amplitude in a systematic manner related to the degree of bauxite input. Analysis of the ESR spectral components reveals linear relationships between the amplitude of the Mn2+ and ferrimagnetic signals and total Mn and Fe concentrations. To assist in determining the origin of the ESR signals coral and bauxite reference samples were employed. Coral representative of the matrix of the sediment was taken remote from the bauxite loading facility whilst pure bauxite was collected from nearby mining facilities. We find ESR to be a very sensitive technique particularly appropriate to magnetic analysis of ferri- and para-magnetic components within environmental samples otherwise dominated by diamagnetic (carbonate) minerals. When employing typical sample masses of 200 mg the practical detection limit of ESR to ferri- and para-magnetic minerals within a diamagnetic carbonate matrix is of the order of 1 ppm and 1 ppb respectively, approximately 102 and 105 times the sensitivity achievable employing the VSM in our laboratory.
Type:
Article
Language:
en
Description:
Crook, N. P., Hoon, S. R., Taylor, K. G. & Perry, C. T. Electron spin resonance as a high sensitivity technique for environmental magnetism: determination of contamination in carbonate sediments. Geophysical journal international, 2002, vol. 149, no. 2, pp. 328-337. Published by and copyright Wiley-Blackwell Publishing. The definitive version of this article is available from http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/
Keywords:
Carbonates; Electron spin resonance; Environmental magnetism; Rock magnetism
ISSN:
0956-540X
EISSN:
1365-246X

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorCrook, Nigel P.en
dc.contributor.authorHoon, Steve R.en
dc.contributor.authorTaylor, Kevin G.en
dc.contributor.authorPerry, Christopher T.en
dc.date.accessioned2009-10-30T13:36:17Z-
dc.date.available2009-10-30T13:36:17Z-
dc.date.issued2002-
dc.identifier.citationGeophysical journal international, 2002, vol. 149, no. 2, pp. 328-337en
dc.identifier.issn0956-540X-
dc.identifier.doi10.1046/j.1365-246X.2002.01647.x-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2173/85057-
dc.descriptionCrook, N. P., Hoon, S. R., Taylor, K. G. & Perry, C. T. Electron spin resonance as a high sensitivity technique for environmental magnetism: determination of contamination in carbonate sediments. Geophysical journal international, 2002, vol. 149, no. 2, pp. 328-337. Published by and copyright Wiley-Blackwell Publishing. The definitive version of this article is available from http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/en
dc.description.abstractThis study investigates the application of high sensitivity electron spin resonance (ESR) to environmental magnetism in conjunction with the more conventional techniques of magnetic susceptibility, vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM) and chemical compositional analysis. Using these techniques we have studied carbonate sediment samples from Discovery Bay, Jamaica, which has been impacted to varying degrees by a bauxite loading facility. The carbonate sediment samples contain magnetic minerals ranging from moderate to low concentrations. The ESR spectra for all sites essentially contain three components. First, a six-line spectra centred around g= 2 resulting from Mn2+ ions within a carbonate matrix; second a g= 4.3 signal from isolated Fe3+ ions incorporated as impurities within minerals such as gibbsite, kaolinite or quartz; third a ferrimagnetic resonance with a maxima at 230 mT resulting from the ferrimagnetic minerals present within the bauxite contamination. Depending upon the location of the sites within the embayment these signals vary in their relative amplitude in a systematic manner related to the degree of bauxite input. Analysis of the ESR spectral components reveals linear relationships between the amplitude of the Mn2+ and ferrimagnetic signals and total Mn and Fe concentrations. To assist in determining the origin of the ESR signals coral and bauxite reference samples were employed. Coral representative of the matrix of the sediment was taken remote from the bauxite loading facility whilst pure bauxite was collected from nearby mining facilities. We find ESR to be a very sensitive technique particularly appropriate to magnetic analysis of ferri- and para-magnetic components within environmental samples otherwise dominated by diamagnetic (carbonate) minerals. When employing typical sample masses of 200 mg the practical detection limit of ESR to ferri- and para-magnetic minerals within a diamagnetic carbonate matrix is of the order of 1 ppm and 1 ppb respectively, approximately 102 and 105 times the sensitivity achievable employing the VSM in our laboratory.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.en
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=0956-540Xen
dc.subjectCarbonatesen
dc.subjectElectron spin resonanceen
dc.subjectEnvironmental magnetismen
dc.subjectRock magnetismen
dc.titleElectron spin resonance as a high sensitivity technique for environmental magnetism: determination of contamination in carbonate sedimentsen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.eissn1365-246X-
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